Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Converse Essays Converse Essay Converse Essay oduced and distributed Just as the nation was recovering from the effects of the Great Depression, with the economy somewhat stabilized following Roosevelts New Deal, and with the looming 2nd world war, Capras Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) is an important document not only in terms of the state of affairs as it was at the time of its production, but also in terms of what led up to it and what was about to follow. To better understand how the film accomplishes this, one must first examine the idea of freedom and its changing meaning in the period leading up to Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Following that, the ways in which this idea is used in Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and to what end, will be explored. Finally, the films role as an active agent in the reality that is to ensue with the outbreak of the 2nd World War, as relating to the past/present reality of the time and Capras manipulation of this reality, shall be considered. During the depression and its aftermath, the idea of freedom took several meanings as different issues were at the forefront of the American socioeconomic reality. Foner xplores depression-era ideas of freedom, concluding that the socioeconomic freedom (to work and be able to earn ones living) became of greater importance than the political freedom (as expressed in the constitution). [l] But this idea soon came to change as the conditions improved following Roosevelts New Deal. Following the labour union disputes and the more militant activism of organizations like the CIO and the Popular Front on the side of the workers, civil liberties and the freedom of speech took an increasingly central role as the decade was nearing its end. The creation of the Department of Justices Civil Liberties Unit in 1939, established civil liberties as an issue with a central place in the New Deal understanding of freedom . It is exactly this idea of freedom that Mr. Smith Goes to Washington builds on to convey Capras message. While Capras film conveyed the nations self image as it was at the time (perhaps more than one has any right to expect according to Bergman), it also used this self image in order to make its message heard by his listeners. Qualifying Capras way of manipulating images as genius and referring to the way that he understood enough of what people wanted to help create a consciousness, and to build himself into the renders the work not only as one of a reactive nature, but also as an active protagonist. As Muscio notes, Capra was not simply a witness or narrator, but rather a key protagonist in the relationship between communications and politics. As Capra explains: For two hours youve got em. Hitler cant keep em that long. You eventually reach more people than Roosevelt does on the radio. freedom of speech, employing such rhetoric as: Libertys too precious a thing to be buried in books Men should hold it up in front of them every single day of their lives and say: Im free to think and to speak or Fighting for something better than Just jungle law, fghting sos he can stand on his own two feet, free and But while such a fight was being fought at home by the CIO and protected by the Civil Liberties Unit, Capra points to the looming fght to keep these liberties overseas with his mention of Hitler
Monday, February 24, 2020
The affect of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Audits - Essay Example It also called for public company accounting reform and investor protection act 2002. When the accounting scandals of reputed companies are made public, the companies stand to lose the trust of the people. A quasi public agency named as public company accounting oversight board (PCAOB) was established to prevent companies from getting into fraudulent activities. It also helped to conduct proper investigations in this regard. According to this act the public companies must disclose their internal account practices to make public their effectiveness. The independence of the auditor is to be maintained and any listed public company should have an independent audit committee to look over the relations between the auditor and the company. This enabled smoother interactions between the auditors and the companies. As more number of people are involved in the auditing process, any serious disagreement stood the chance of becoming public. The loans taken by directors and executive officers are restricted to prevent the public money from being misused. Previously they used to take money in form of unsecured loans. Public money was at stake as if any loss was reported, recovery of these loans would be difficult. Misuse of public money by the directors could be checked in this way. The reporting of insider trading was made compulsory to protect the interests of share holders. Insider trading was reduced to a large extent by imposing fines along with a sentence of imprisonment for executives who involve in that practice. Along with protecting the investments, provisions were also made to protect the employee's interests. These enabled employees and whistle blowers to file complaints regarding the harassment and dismissals in order to get quicker responses. The auditor's attestation was made mandatory and this made companies to be more responsible and accountable in their account practices and disclosures. The auditor, who attests, will be made responsible for any fraudulent disclosures in the statements, even at future. This makes the financial disclosures accountable. The most important and critical section in the law which makes the disclosure of financial statements responsible is section 404. This section compels the management to establish internal controls in order to make them selves accountable for the details revealed in the financial statements. The companies have to certify that the internal controls were efficient and trouble free. Sarbanes-Oxley Acts relationship and affect on Not-for-profit entities: The provision of restriction of loans to the directors of non profit organisation
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Lloyd George - Essay Example An important era of study has been the era of Lloyd George's peacetime government, from 1919 to 1922 in the realm of foreign policy. Britain's external relation in this period has been quite interesting and people have conflicting views about the policies in this period. This period has also been of significance for historians because of the role of the Foreign Secretary in the making of British foreign policy. Secrecy has been a key characteristic of the foreign policy in the late nineteenth century. Small number of ministers and officials has been known to play crucial roles in the formulation of the foreign policy. Those were the times when press had its limited presence and it was not considered an important driver in the policy making. Also public opinion about different issues related to external relations of a country was not given any importance. Even among the government circles a selected elite group made key decisions. Prime Ministers directly controlled the affairs of the Foreign Office. If we look at the background history of foreign policy in Britain then we get to know that Benjamin Disraeli from 1874 to 1878 intervened constantly in the affairs of his Foreign Secretary. During the 1902 to 1905 period Arthur Balfour gave some respite in the direct intervention culture set by his predecessors but still kept a close eye on the developments in British foreign policy. ... This scenario changed with war in 1914 and foreign policy was criticized by all & sundry. Different governments also started making comments about the way foreign policy was being tackled. President Wilson of the United States became the biggest critic of covert ways of foreign policy dealings and demanded that democratic process should be involved in the affairs. War continued till 1918 and then Paris Peace Conference took place in 1919 the attention shifted to foreign policy in the peace time. Again policymakers became conscious of the relationships between Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary. After the Great War the importance foreign policy increases manifolds. Lord Curzon of Kedleston became foreign secretary from October 1919 to January 1924. British electorate also became more conscious of the foreign policy matters as many believed that poor foreign policies were behind the war. Lloyd George became the prime minister and realized the importance of foreign policy particularly in the eyes of electorates as a result of war. He realized that winning foreign policy can result in the success of a government in the eyes of public. Considering tits importance Lloyd made it a point to attend many international conferences in the period 1919 to 1922. Lloyd saw these conferences as the opportunity for both showing government presence as well as gaining economic benefits as most of these were related to trade, war debts and recompense. Foreign policy also held many dangers for the government of Lloyd George. The government could not have afforded any new wars with any other country as public opinion went heavily against war. It was during this scenario that the Chanak crisis took place in September 1922. This crisis brought the
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Current Intellectual Property Rights Essay They say the internet is best source of information when in reality it translates as the best source of information that can be stolen. Current intellectual property rights laws seem to be just pile of papers under a politicianÃ¢â¬â¢s secretaryÃ¢â¬â¢s desk. The irony is that it lacks the capability to respond to violations it was intended to contest. If the present conditions continue, new ideas are in danger of being copied and thus hampering their developments. Intellectual property right basically means legal entitlement to intellectual worksÃ¢â¬âsuch as names, inventions, trade secrets and written and recorded mediaÃ¢â¬â thus keeping it safe from being stolen. This is quite problematic because there the notion that no one can be original anymore exists and people donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to care about a work being original at all. Sometimes violations may come in a form of reconstruction of a work, using another personÃ¢â¬â¢s work as a model, but if studied closely, they are merely imitations. Violating otherÃ¢â¬â¢s intellectual property is needless to say a very unethical action. Opportunists save themselves time and the very difficult task of coming up with something original. These violations can be simply called theft in the realm of physical property. Legal problems concerning physical property are much resolved compared to the vague realm of intellectual property. Violations such as theft can be easily charged to the violator of a physical property not legally entitled to them and the properties are properly given legal protection. Protection of intellectual properties is the main objective of the law, but the broadness of the description of the law weakens its credibility. The term Ã¢â¬Å"intellectual property rightÃ¢â¬ is one of the most controversial terms of the present era. It is still disputed and still globally unresolved. It is only half a millennium since the first patents and copyrights were made. Current laws seem to be unqualified to be the solution of eradicating violations to intellectual property rights. The formulation of such laws is obviously inadequate and requires in depth revisions since the problem is still rampant. On the other hand, some critics of the laws says that intellectual property are just present because of they serve a utilitarian purpose. These laws are passed because it would be much convenient to everyone than having them not exist at all. Still, many argue that it is not utilitarian at all because it can only be put into use by cases in which evidences can give support. Unfortunately, ideas canÃ¢â¬â¢t be sealed in a plastic bag and presented to the court. And even if these laws are present, a system that can monitor the World Wide Web seems to be far from the capacity of current technology. Since this an international problem, there is no legal system to resolve intellectual property violations if the parties involved are from different countries. Another big question is: who will be enforcing this law? There a group that is capable and has the resources to apprehended violators spread across the globe, so violators are still Not all authors have enough resources to have their work patented. Many authors donÃ¢â¬â¢t even bother to have their works copyrighted because they view the process of it as bothersome and expensive. Some even view it as inadequate and has weak credibility. Many are resorting to publishing their work through the internet which is the feeding ground for violators. This poses a threat to the development of new technologies. Companies are now, more than ever dependent on the internet. Violators are not merely copy-and-paste people, some are high-skilled computer hackers that may be employed to steal vital information from the competition. The realistic solution is not to be dependent much on the internet until the intellectual property right law is enforceable and serve its original function. Many is in doubt whether that time may come, but the important thing is that all of us should respect not just the law but the rights of our fellow human beings to create original works and be granted legal rights to those works. References Andersen B. 2006. Intellectual Property Rights: Innovation, Governance, and the Institutional. USA: Edward Elgar Publishing Christensen C. M. 1997. The Innovators Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard Business School Press
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Due Diligence is Necessary When You Buy a Website Reprinted with permission of VotanWeb.com According to industry statistics, nine out of ten people who begin the search to buy a website never complete a transaction. While there are many reasons for this dismal figure, a lot has to do with the inability of people to "pull the trigger". This gun-shy reaction is due to uncertainty: if you have not gathered the right information or failed to investigate the website thoroughly you will not be 100% certain of what to do. Due diligence is probably the most critical stage in the website buying process. Many prospective buyers incorrectly identify this period as strictly a financial review. However, an effective due diligence goes far beyond the numbers. Due diligence is the complete investigation and review of a website. One of the keys to buying a good website comes from your ability to learn the intimate details of it. It is imperative that you identify the strengths, weaknesses, growth opportunities and areas of concern with each website. If you don't do a flawless job of gathering information, you will not be able to pull the trigger and complete the transaction since you'll be uncertain about too many components of the website. The investigation process must begin the moment a website becomes of interest. Your goal is to be certain that you uncover everything about any website before you buy it. You don't have to communicate with the seller for your research to begin. The Internet is an incredible tool that will allow you to investigate the website, the industry, the competition, the marketing, the suppliers, and on and on. The importance of beginning your investigation early cannot be emphasized strongly enough. This way, you'll position yourself to ask the seller the right questions. Once you progress to the stage of an accepted offer, you will commence the financial due diligence. This period usually lasts 10-30 days. This is the time when you'll have access to all of the websiteÃ¢â¬â¢s books and records. Once you begin looking at a particular website, you'll find a thousand things crossing your mind regarding the acquisition. Keep a notepad handy at all times and log your thoughts. Don't trust your memory; these little things are the ones that can and will come back to haunt you down the road. Begin to put together your checklist of what you need to investigate and how you're going to do it along with the materials you require from the seller to accomplish it. Due Diligence is Necessary When You Buy a Website :: Sell Websites Buy Websites Due Diligence is Necessary When You Buy a Website Reprinted with permission of VotanWeb.com According to industry statistics, nine out of ten people who begin the search to buy a website never complete a transaction. While there are many reasons for this dismal figure, a lot has to do with the inability of people to "pull the trigger". This gun-shy reaction is due to uncertainty: if you have not gathered the right information or failed to investigate the website thoroughly you will not be 100% certain of what to do. Due diligence is probably the most critical stage in the website buying process. Many prospective buyers incorrectly identify this period as strictly a financial review. However, an effective due diligence goes far beyond the numbers. Due diligence is the complete investigation and review of a website. One of the keys to buying a good website comes from your ability to learn the intimate details of it. It is imperative that you identify the strengths, weaknesses, growth opportunities and areas of concern with each website. If you don't do a flawless job of gathering information, you will not be able to pull the trigger and complete the transaction since you'll be uncertain about too many components of the website. The investigation process must begin the moment a website becomes of interest. Your goal is to be certain that you uncover everything about any website before you buy it. You don't have to communicate with the seller for your research to begin. The Internet is an incredible tool that will allow you to investigate the website, the industry, the competition, the marketing, the suppliers, and on and on. The importance of beginning your investigation early cannot be emphasized strongly enough. This way, you'll position yourself to ask the seller the right questions. Once you progress to the stage of an accepted offer, you will commence the financial due diligence. This period usually lasts 10-30 days. This is the time when you'll have access to all of the websiteÃ¢â¬â¢s books and records. Once you begin looking at a particular website, you'll find a thousand things crossing your mind regarding the acquisition. Keep a notepad handy at all times and log your thoughts. Don't trust your memory; these little things are the ones that can and will come back to haunt you down the road. Begin to put together your checklist of what you need to investigate and how you're going to do it along with the materials you require from the seller to accomplish it.
Monday, January 13, 2020
There are many governmental agencies within the healthcare system. One of most interesting and heart-wrenching agencies is a local governmental agency called Terrell State Mental Hospital. This agency is well known in the state of Texas for its carefree healthcare. They have a longstanding relationship with the families of its patients and are a major contributor to the city of TerrellÃ¢â¬â¢s financial windfall. They produce over ten million a year for the city of Terrell, which allows this city to take care of its mental inpatients and make sure they have the best treatment possible. History of Terrell State Mental Hospital According to Mike Hansen (2008), Terrell State Mental Hospital is a 582 room facility that is joint commission accredited and a Medicare certified psychiatric inpatient hospital that is operated under the direction of the Texas Department of State Health Services. This hospital is responsible for many types of illnesses and is an independent, not for profit organization, which has many programs to offer its patients. These programs include an adult acute program, a childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s and adolescence program, a forensics program, geriatric service, an intensive behavioral program and an intermediate care program, all of which has their patients best interest at heart. This hospital was opened in July 1885 and has grown to double its original size and is still running strong to this day. This is a local governmental agency which can compare with national agencies such as The Centers of Disease Control or a state governmental agency such as Health and Human Services in many ways, but the most common factor between these agencies is their ability to help the ill to get over disease or keep from getting a physical or mental illness. This agency houses over 775 patients and employees over 175 people. It is a functioning psychiatric hospital, which cares for its mentally ill patients over four county lines. They onitor their facilities and patients for any new mental illnesses which may develop. This agency also serves the rich, the poor, all races and all minorities in the state of Texas. The Community Relations Department at Terrell State Hospital has three areas of responsibility, which includes volunteer services, public information and fundraising. They provide services and items that the state cannot supply by law or by limitation of funds. This agency has done a tremendous job with curing its patients or at least advancing them to live in society. Admission Process When a person first arrives at the hospital they will be greeted at the admissions office by the staff, which are well trained to address language and cultural needs as well as special needs such as those of the visually impaired or hearing impaired. Then a meeting with the chief psychiatrist will take place to cover the needs and reasoning for the patient being admitted then paperwork will be completed covering reason for hospitalization. Then the patient will be shown around the facility and introduced to the staff that will be caring for the patient. Afterwards, an evaluation will be done by the doctor to determine what needs are to be met. The only motto of this staff is the patient always comes first. Structure and Funding Terrell State Mental Hospital is designed in a matrix structure where the professionals focus on project teams and report to a general manager or a vice president. Because these professionals can work on several projects it is very important to have strong central oversight from the senior managers to ensure people do not stray from the projects they work on. According to Ninomiya (2009), with this style of management system workers report to more than one supervisor at a time. The idea is to share knowledge and personnel to maximize effectiveness. This hospital receives their funding from both voluntary contributions and from the Department of Human Services or the state of Texas. They arrange a budget describing the funds needed and the state of Texas takes care of the rest. Contributions also come from families of the inpatients. The voluntary contributions in this city are amazing. They really know how to make this city shine. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like a true Texan to show their winning attitudes by giving back to the economy and being generous with their money. Programs Available This hospital is operated under the direction of the Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation. They offer their services to people within a twenty-two county, 14,622 square mile area including Bowie, Dallas, and Kaufman Counties. According to the Chamber of Commerce (2009), their services are offered to children 6 to 12 years of age, adolescence ages 12 to 18 and adults. Programs include acute care, an intensive behavioral program, medical services, forensic care for inmates of state correctional institutions intermediate care, a cottage program for adult life skills and a research center. Local Agencies vs. National and State Agencies The three of these agencies have different aspects of treatment for disease. The national and state agencies usually focus on locating and making the public aware of possible outbreaks such as a rising number of cases of encephalitis. They announce to the public where and when to stay tuned for information on what is the next step for information on what is the next step or what they need to do to obtain an immunization or where they need to go to get their injection if one is available. The local agency such as with Terrell State Mental Hospital usually focuses on treatment of illness such as with mental illness. It is usually a prolonged and drawn out type of treatment. Doctors usually have to try a patient on several medications before they arrive at the treatment that works for a patients illness. Local agencies usually work with the family members of these patients to help determine what might work with their family memberÃ¢â¬â¢s illness. According to Colonel Jim Harris (2009), this hospital continues to be governed by a local board of managers. When the State Board of Control assumed the duties for governing state institutions, the operation of Terrell State Mental Hospital came under the control and management of the Board of Texas State Hospital and special schools. The 59th Legislature in 1965, under House Bill No. , created the Mental Health and Mental Retardation Act for control and management of Terrell State Hospital. The Board of Texas State Hospital and special schools was abolished at that time. Over the years there have been major ameliorations some planned and some not. These changes have cost the state of Texas millions of dollars. The improvements have changed this pioneer establishment into a modern psychiatric facility that serves twenty-one counties in the northern part of the state. These ameliorations have made this hospital one that the patients and their family members can be proud of. Conclusion Local, National and State governmental agencies in the healthcare field all overlap in many different ways. For one, they all share disease prevention. Each agency shares disease prevention in a different way. A state organization such as Health and Human Services helps to prevent disease by helping to provide the poor with immunizations so they are protected in case of an outbreak of a dangerous disease. A national governmental agency such as Centers for Disease Control helps to keep the public aware when they are suspicious that a disease has reached epic proportions and is beginning to make them think an outbreak has occurred or is a threat to the public. They give the pubic directions on where they should go or how they should handle a dangerous situation in case one was to occur. The last agency which is the local governmental agency such as Terrell State Mental Hospital helps the public with a completely different completely different angle to the disease and its prevention. They help the public with mental disorders and their treatments. This hospital is very generous and works hard to help patients with their disorders. Psychiatric issues can be a very hard time for families, but this hospital works hard and uses voluntary contributions sparingly, so that the state of Texas can take the remainder of their contributions and work hard to make the patients well or to get them on the right treatment, so that they can once again function in society. Terrell State functions as a matrix structure which basically means they are a project oriented type of company. They also function by reporting to more than one manager. They highly believe projects are the best way to make the greatest progress. This style of structure is also well known for keeping several types of projects going at all times. In this case they may have several patients that they work with at a time and these individuals may have many types of problems such as a case of bipolar, and another may be schizophrenic, etc. These patients may have several doctors that they report to. Every doctor truly cares for their patients and they like to make sure that they take each patients interest to heart.